Rights and Obligations of the Buyer in Sales Transactions
Acceptance of delivery and payment of purchase price
The buyer is obligated to accept delivery and to pay the price of the thing sold at the time and place stipulated in the contract.” Except as otherwise agreed upon, the buyer is not required to accept delivery by installments.
Reasonable opportunity to examine
If the buyer has not yet previously examined goods delivered to him, he is deemed not to have accepted them unless and until he has had a reasonable opportunity of examining them for the purpose of ascertaining whether they are in conformity with the contract if there is no stipulation to the contrary. If the seller physically tenders delivery of the goods to the buyer, the seller is required, upon request of the buyer, to afford the buyer a reasonable opportunity of examining the goods for the purpose of ascertaining whether they are in conformity with the contract.
Goods delivered to a carrier
If the seller delivers the goods to a carrier pursuant to an agreement or order from the buyer, upon the terms that the goods are not to be delivered by the carrier to the buyer until he has paid the price, whether such terms are indicated by marking the goods with the words “collect on delivery,” or otherwise, the buyer is not entitled to examine the goods before the payment of the price, in the absence of agreement or usage of trade permitting such examination.
The buyer is deemed to have accepted the goods in any of the following situations:
- If he intimates to the seller that he has accepted them; 
- If the goods have been delivered to him, and he does any act in relation to them which is inconsistent with the ownership of the seller;  or
- If, after the lapse of a reasonable time, he retains the goods without intimating to the seller that he has rejected them.
Non-discharge of seller from liability
Unless otherwise stipulated or by implied agreement, the buyers’ acceptance of the goods does not discharge the seller from liability in damages or other legal remedy for breach of any promise or warranty in the sales contract. However, the buyer is required to give notice to the seller of the breach in any of the warranty within a reasonable period of time after the buyer knows or ought to know of such breach; otherwise, the seller will not be held be liable for such breach.
Buyer not obligated to return goods despite refusal to accept
Except as otherwise agreed upon, if goods are delivered to the buyer, and he refuses to accept them, having the right so to do, he is not bound to return them to the seller, but it is sufficient if he notifies the seller that he refuses to accept them. Ife he voluntarily constitutes himself a depositary thereof, he will be liable as such.
Buyer owes interest from delivery to payment
The buyer is required to pay interest for the period between the delivery of the thing and the payment of the price, in the following three cases: (a) should it have been so stipulated; (b) should the thing sold and delivered produce fruits or income; or (c) should he be in default, from the time of judicial or extrajudicial demand for the payment of the price.
Right to suspend payment
The buyer may suspend payment of the price until the seller has caused to stop the disturbance or danger in cases where the buyer is disturbed in the possession or ownership of the thing acquired, or if he has reasonable grounds to fear such disturbance, by a vindicatory action or a foreclosure of mortgage. Such right of suspension will not apply if the seller has given security for the return of the price in a proper case, or it has been stipulated that, notwithstanding any such contingency, the vendee is bound to make the payment. The right of suspension does not cover a mere act of trespass.
Rescission of sale for fear of loss of immovable property sold and price
The seller may initiate an action for rescission of the sale if he has reasonable grounds to fear the loss of immovable property sold and its price.
Payment after expiration of period in a sale of immovable property
In a sale of immovable property with a stipulation that failure to pay the price at the agreed time rescission will take place by right, the buyer may still pay, even after the expiration of the period, as long as no demand for rescission of the contract has been made upon him either judicially or by a notarial act.
Rescission of sale of movable in favor of seller
The rescission of the sale will take place by right in the interest of the seller in case the buyer upon the expiration of the period fixed for the delivery of the thing, should not have appeared to receive it, or, having appeared, he should not have tendered the price at the same time, unless a longer period has been stipulated for its payment.
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 “If the time and place should not have been stipulated, the payment must be made at the time and place of the delivery of the thing sold” (Paragraph 2, Article 1582, Civil Code).
 CIVIL CODE. Paragraph 1, Article 1582.
 Ibid. Paragraph 1, Article 1583. “Where there is a sales contract of goods to be delivered by stated instalments, which are to be separately paid for, and the seller makes defective deliveries in respect of one or more instalments, or the buyer neglects or refuses without just cause to take delivery of or pay for one or more instalments, it depends in each case on the terms of the contract and the circumstances of the case, whether the breach of contract is so material as to justify the injured party in refusing to proceed further and suing for damages for breach of the entire contract, or whether the breach is severable, giving rise to a claim for compensation but not to a right to treat the whole contract as broken” (Paragraph 2, Article 1583, Civil Code).
 Ibid. Paragraph 1, Article 1584.
 Ibid. Paragraph 2, Article 1584.
 Ibid. Paragraph 3, Article 1584.
 Ibid. Article 1585.
 CIVIL CODE. Article 1586.
 CIVIL CODE. Article 1587.
 CIVIL CODE. Article 1589.
 Ibid. Article 1590.
 CIVIL CODE. Paragraph 1, Article 1591. Should such ground not exist, the provisions of article 1191 shall be observed (Paragraph 2, Article 1591, Civil Code).
 Ibid. Article 1592. “After the demand, the court may not grant him a new term” (Ibid.).
 Ibid. Article 1593.